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    1. Names of Madinah in the Quran:
      • In the Quran, the city of Madinah (Medina) is referred to by various names. One of the names mentioned in the Quran is “Yathrib” (يثرب), which was the city’s name before the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad. The Quran uses this name in Surah Al-Munafiqun (63:8).
    2. Yasrab:
      • “Yasrab” is another name that was used for Madinah before the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad. It was the pre-Islamic name of the city and is not mentioned in the Quran. “Yathrib” and “Yasrab” are often used interchangeably to refer to the same city.
    3.  Linguistic Meaning of Madina:
      • The word “Madina” itself is an Arabic term that linguistically means “city” or “town.” In this linguistic context, it refers to any city or urban settlement. In Islamic history, “Madina” specifically refers to the city of Madinah, which holds great religious significance due to the migration (Hijrah) of the Prophet Muhammad and the establishment of the first Muslim community there.
    4. Change from Yathrib/Yasrab to Madinah:
      • The name of the city changed from “Yathrib” or “Yasrab” to “Madinah” after the Prophet Muhammad’s migration from Makkah to Yathrib in 622 CE. This migration, known as the Hijrah, marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar. The city’s name was changed to “Madinah” (meaning “the city”) to reflect its new status as the center of the growing Muslim community and the place where the Prophet Muhammad served as both a spiritual and political leader.

    So, in summary, “Madinah” is the name that was given to the city after the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad, replacing its pre-Islamic names of “Yathrib” and “Yasrab.” The term “Madina” linguistically means “city” in Arabic, but in the context of Islamic history, it specifically refers to the city of Madinah, where the Prophet Muhammad established the first Islamic community.

  1. In the Quran, the city of Madinah is also referred to by another name, “Yathrib.” This name is mentioned in Surah Al-Hashr (Chapter 59), verse 8, where it says: “But those who had settled in the city [i.e., Madinah] and had accepted faith before them [the Muhajirun], love those who have emigrated to them and find not any want in their breasts of what the emigrants were given but give [them] preference over themselves, even though they are in privation. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful.”